WHAT IS IT?
DMPA Sc., is a pre-filled, easy-to-use lower dose, contraceptive injection that is given every 3 months. It comes with a very a small needle that makes the process less painful for patient. With DMPA Sc., contraception is fast, simple and private.
WHAT DOES IT CONTAIN?
DMPA Sc. contains the hormone medroxyprogesterone acetate.
HOW DOES IT WORK?
It works by delaying ovulation and by thickening the mucus at the cervix so sperm will not be able to reach the egg to fertilise it.
HOW IS IT USED?
DMPA Sc. is injected into the skin of your front upper thigh or abdomen (away from your navel).
You will need to take DMPA Sc. once every 3 months (12 to 14 weeks). You can start on the first day of your menstrual period and be protected immediately or you can chose to start this contraceptive injection any day you want,once it is confirmed that you are not already pregnant (do a pregnancy test) but you would need to use a FIESTA condom for the first 7 days .
HOW EFFECTIVE IS IT?
DMPA Sc. is 99.9% effective at preventing pregnancy. Less than one out of 100 women that take DMPA Sc. injection will get pregnant.
WHAT ARE THE COMMON SIDE EFFECTS AND HOW DO YOU HANDLE THEM?
Some women may experience side effects while others will not. Common side effects to expect include menstrual changes, nausea, abdominal discomfort, headache and dizziness, weight gain, weight loss and no menstrual flow.Some of these side effects are temporary and may be gone in the first few months, but many women will experience irregular menses and spotting when they first start and this will decrease in the first few months of use till there’s no menses.
While using DMPA Sc., absence of your period is not a sign of ill health or pregnancy and when you stop using DMPA Sc. your periods will return to normal in a few months.
Some of these side effects are temporary and may be gone after 2 or 3 shots while effects such as menstrual changes tend to occur throughout the use of the injection.
YOU ALSO NEED TO KNOW
WHO CAN TAKE IT
You can take DMPA Sc. if you are a busy career woman, young woman who is already sexually active and a breastfeeding mother whose baby is at least 6 weeks’ old.
WHO CANNOT TAKE IT
You should not take DMPA Sc. if you are already pregnant, have or have had breast cancer, your blood pressure or blood sugar is very high, have or have had a stroke before.
A breastfeeding woman with a baby of less than 6 weeks old cannot take DMPA Sc..
CAN YOU GET PREGNANT AFTER STOPPING DMPA Sc.?
DMPA Sc. is a reversible contraceptive and once stopped,your body will be able to return to its previous fertility state. When you decide to stop taking DMPA Sc., it may take you a minimum of 3 months before you can get pregnant again and is a convenient option for women who are not in a hurry to conceive after stopping their birth control.
WILL IT PROTECT FROM HIV/AIDS AND STIs?
No it won’t. All contraceptive injections (including DMPA Sc. ) cannot provide protection against HIV infection and STIs (Sexually Transmitted Infections). For protection against STIs and HIV, use a FIESTA or KISS condom.
CAN DMPA Sc. ABORT PREGNANCY?
DMPA Sc. will not harm or stop an existing pregnancy.While abortion medicines work after pregnancy starts, DMPA Sc. works to prevent pregnancy.
(PICTURE OF DMPA Sc. INJECTION)